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Android GridLayoutManager 샘플 소스 본문

Android/Tip&Tech

Android GridLayoutManager 샘플 소스

리엑티브한 행복한 수지아빠 2017. 8. 3. 02:43

출처 : http://www.journaldev.com/13792/android-gridlayoutmanager-example

Android GridLayoutManager

We’ve implemented a RecyclerView using a LinearLayoutManager here. Now let’s use a GridLayoutManagerto layout the RecyclerView as a grid.

Following is the constructor for a GridLayoutManager.

GridLayoutManager (Context context, 
                int spanCount, 
                int orientation, 
                boolean reverseLayout)

reverseLayout if set true then layout items from end to start.

To set the span size for each item, we invoke the method setSpanSizeLookup on the GridLayoutManager

Let’s implement RecyclerView using a GridLayoutManager in a new Android Studio project.

Android GridLayoutManager Example Project Structure

Android GridLayoutManager example

The project consists of a single Activity : MainActivity.java, an adapter class : RecyclerViewAdapter.java, a DataModel.java class and a custom GridLayoutManager class AutoFitGridLayoutManager.java.

The xml layout of the MainActivity.java class is defined in the file activity_main.xml as

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">

        <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
            android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:scrollbars="vertical"
            app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

    </RelativeLayout>

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

Note: Don’t forget to add the following dependencies for Material Design widgets and CardView in the build.gradle file.

compile 'com.android.support:cardview-v7:25.1.1'
compile 'com.android.support:design:25.1.1'

The DataModel.java class is given below:
package com.journaldev.recyclerviewgridlayoutmanager;

public class DataModel {

    public String text;
    public int drawable;
    public String color;

    public DataModel(String t, int d, String c )
    {
        text=t;
        drawable=d;
        color=c;
    }
}

The DataModel class will hold the text, drawable icon and background colour of each item cell.

The RecyclerViewAdapter.java class is given below:

package com.journaldev.recyclerviewgridlayoutmanager;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import java.util.ArrayList;


public class RecyclerViewAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter {

    ArrayList mValues;
    Context mContext;
    protected ItemListener mListener;

    public RecyclerViewAdapter(Context context, ArrayList values, ItemListener itemListener) {

        mValues = values;
        mContext = context;
        mListener=itemListener;
    }

    public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder implements View.OnClickListener {

        public TextView textView;
        public ImageView imageView;
        public RelativeLayout relativeLayout;
        DataModel item;

        public ViewHolder(View v) {

            super(v);

            v.setOnClickListener(this);
            textView = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.textView);
            imageView = (ImageView) v.findViewById(R.id.imageView);
            relativeLayout = (RelativeLayout) v.findViewById(R.id.relativeLayout);

        }

        public void setData(DataModel item) {
            this.item = item;

            textView.setText(item.text);
            imageView.setImageResource(item.drawable);
            relativeLayout.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor(item.color));

        }


        @Override
        public void onClick(View view) {
            if (mListener != null) {
                mListener.onItemClick(item);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public RecyclerViewAdapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {

        View view = LayoutInflater.from(mContext).inflate(R.layout.recycler_view_item, parent, false);

        return new ViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder Vholder, int position) {
        Vholder.setData(mValues.get(position));

    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {

        return mValues.size();
    }

    public interface ItemListener {
        void onItemClick(DataModel item);
    }
}

In the above code we’ve defined an ItemListener interface that’ll be implemented in the MainActivity.java class.

The xml layout for each RecyclerView item is given below.
recycler_view_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:card_view="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <android.support.v7.widget.CardView
        android:id="@+id/cardView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="150dp"
        card_view:cardCornerRadius="0dp"
        card_view:cardElevation="@dimen/margin10"
        card_view:cardMaxElevation="@dimen/margin10"
        card_view:contentPadding="@dimen/margin10">


        <RelativeLayout
            android:id="@+id/relativeLayout"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:orientation="vertical"
            android:layout_gravity="center">

            <ImageView
                android:id="@+id/imageView"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_centerInParent="true"
                android:tint="@android:color/white"
                android:padding="5dp" />


            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/textView"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
                android:textColor="@android:color/white"
                android:layout_below="@+id/imageView" />


        </RelativeLayout>

    </android.support.v7.widget.CardView>

</LinearLayout>

The AutoFitGridLayoutManager.java class is given below:

package com.journaldev.recyclerviewgridlayoutmanager;

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.v7.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;

public class AutoFitGridLayoutManager extends GridLayoutManager {

    private int columnWidth;
    private boolean columnWidthChanged = true;

    public AutoFitGridLayoutManager(Context context, int columnWidth) {
        super(context, 1);

        setColumnWidth(columnWidth);
    }

    public void setColumnWidth(int newColumnWidth) {
        if (newColumnWidth > 0 && newColumnWidth != columnWidth) {
            columnWidth = newColumnWidth;
            columnWidthChanged = true;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLayoutChildren(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state) {
        if (columnWidthChanged && columnWidth > 0) {
            int totalSpace;
            if (getOrientation() == VERTICAL) {
                totalSpace = getWidth() - getPaddingRight() - getPaddingLeft();
            } else {
                totalSpace = getHeight() - getPaddingTop() - getPaddingBottom();
            }
            int spanCount = Math.max(1, totalSpace / columnWidth);
            setSpanCount(spanCount);
            columnWidthChanged = false;
        }
        super.onLayoutChildren(recycler, state);
    }
}

The span count is dynamically calculated based on the orientation, width and height available.

The MainActivity.java class is given below:

package com.journaldev.recyclerviewgridlayoutmanager;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements RecyclerViewAdapter.ItemListener {

    RecyclerView recyclerView;
    ArrayList arrayList;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);


        recyclerView = (RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);
        arrayList = new ArrayList();
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 1", R.drawable.battle, "#09A9FF"));
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 2", R.drawable.beer, "#3E51B1"));
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 3", R.drawable.ferrari, "#673BB7"));
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 4", R.drawable.jetpack_joyride, "#4BAA50"));
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 5", R.drawable.three_d, "#F94336"));
        arrayList.add(new DataModel("Item 6", R.drawable.terraria, "#0A9B88"));

        RecyclerViewAdapter adapter = new RecyclerViewAdapter(this, arrayList, this);
        recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);


        /**
         AutoFitGridLayoutManager that auto fits the cells by the column width defined.
         **/

        /*AutoFitGridLayoutManager layoutManager = new AutoFitGridLayoutManager(this, 500);
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);*/


        /**
         Simple GridLayoutManager that spans two columns
         **/
        GridLayoutManager manager = new GridLayoutManager(this, 2, GridLayoutManager.VERTICAL, false);
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(manager);
    }

    @Override
    public void onItemClick(DataModel item) {

        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), item.text + " is clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    }
}
  1. The above class implements the interface RecyclerViewAdapter.ItemListener and overrides the method onItemClick that’s defined in the adapter class. By doing this, we’ve implemented the RecyclerView Click Listener within our Activity instead of the Adapter class(similar to the standard onItemClickListener defined for a ListView)
  2. DataModel class holds the details for each RecyclerView item
  3. The LayoutManager of the RecyclerView can be defined by either instantiating the AutoFitGridLayoutManager class with the column width set as 500 or by invoking the GridLayoutManager class object and setting the number of columns as 2

Let’s see the output of the application with the standard GridLayoutManager code.

android GridLayoutManager grid layout output

As you can see, each row has two items that span the column width in both orientations.

Now comment out the code for simple GridLayoutManager and run the code for AutoFitGridLayoutManager

AutoFitGridLayoutManager layoutManager = new AutoFitGridLayoutManager(this, 500);
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);

The output of the application in action is given below.
android GridLayoutManager auto fit grid layout

As you can see in the above output, when the orientation changes to landscape, each row has three items, thereby dynamically sizing the items to auto-fit the column width.

This brings an end to this tutorial. You can download the final android GridLayoutManager project from the link given below.

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